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tv   RT News  PBS  October 10, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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>> it is thursday, october 10. starting off this hour, for the first time since she was convicted of the largest leak in u.s. history, chelsea manning has released a letter to her supporters criticizing people for speaking on her behalf without her consent.
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" it is not terribly clear to me that my actions were done for peace. i do not consider myself a pacifist. i accept that there may be peaceful or antiwar implications to my actions, but this is based on your subjective interpretation of the primary source documents." manning did clarify what she was doing. " imho transparency advocate. the public -- i am a transparency advocate. manning was convicted in august by a military judge on 20 charges, including violations of the espionage act. she was sentenced to 35 years in
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prison, but is eligible for parole in seven. edward snowden has some special visitors travel all the way to russia to meet with them this week. they met snowden and a secret location. they are the first americans known to have met him since he was granted asylum. his father arrived this morning. he has yet to meet his son, but is planning to see him in the next couple of days. we caught up with a group of whistleblowers today. >> veteran whistleblowers all
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sat around the table with me earlier to tell me their experiences and how they were treated by the authorities as a result. a method edward snowden at a disclosed -- they met edward snowden and an undisclosed location. samuel adams was a cia whistleblower didn't -- during the vietnam war. the first thing i wanted to ask -- >> i thought he looked great. he seemed very centered. smart, brilliant, funny, and very engaged. >> the obvious question, did he have any regrets? ray mcgovern served under seven u.s. presidents but then went on
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to criticize george w. bush. he put that very same thought to edward. >> he has no regrets and he is willing to face whatever the future holds for him. >> we discussed this integrity and intelligence issue quite extensively. we talked about prior examples of great people in history. >> i asked them if edward snowden shared his plans for the future. >> his primary concern is about reform, not about his future. more about the reforms that has
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begun in the united states and around the world. it really is a global issue. the nsa is spying on everybody, friend or foe. that conversation needs to continue. people need to realize there is a greater issue of human rights. a number of people involved in his case, people are having trouble even moving around and getting where they are going. we were not worried about coming into your country and we are worried about getting back into our own country. that should not be the case. >> secret law, secret
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interpretation of the law. it is pandora's box. >> we think he is about to be reunited with his dad. behind closed doors, he will be giving him the support that only a father can. >> it is day 10 of the government shut down and i do not need to tell you this, but people are peeved. remember when we were comparing the approval ratings to cockroaches and toenail fungus? new polls found that members of congress are less popular than witches, zombies, jury duty, dmv, him rights full -- hemorrhoids. 61% of americans blame republicans. 50 per two percent -- 52% say president obama could be doing
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more to about the situation. a couple dozen house republicans took a trip down pennsylvania avenue to meet with president obama and to negotiate. the gop members will most likely discuss the proposal they released today, which is a six- week extension of the debt limit in order to avoid the first ever u.s. default. the possibility of a debt deal has the stock market smiling. is there hope for congress? i was joined earlier by the director of economic research at the reason foundation. i asked him if this temporary extension will solve our fiscal woes. >> in terms of a solution for the stock market, i do not think so.
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they are looking at a long-term picture. the president does not want to negotiate at all on the government shut down and he said if congress passes a clean debt ceiling raise, he will accept it and sign it, but he does not want to negotiate on the shut down. >> what are we looking at? how tangible is this debt limit solution? are we kicking the can down the road? >> the debt ceiling has always been a can kicked down the road. the republicans did not really want to play with fire. they buy into the same idea that democrats do that if the united states government defaults, or it is an economic catastrophe. from the outset, it did not look like they were going to play chicken.
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this offer proves the debt ceiling is a mere political tool and does not mean anything. both parties are happy to increase -- we would be much more -- much better off with a spending cap. >> it could get a little more tricky when it comes to -- four out of five americans say they have not felt any personal effects from the shut down. should they expect to feel it sooner or later. the people who have been feeling the effects are either government workers are people that use national parks, fishermen. they will continue to feel the same effects. most people have not felt the effects and that has made the president feel comfortable in
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continuing to push back on republicans. the republicans thought they could push around the president. it looks like they cannot. the white house will probably continue to take this stand. >> we are on day 10. how much longer can we go on like this? >> it will depend on who blinks. it is unfortunate that it is a political game because it really should not be. people see this in political terms. they want to be able to claim victory. each side will claim they won this game. how do we get out of this? somebody will have to lyrically blink -- politically blink.
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the federal government is not going to remain shut down for three or four or five months. >> i am glad you brought that up . one of the major criticisms i have heard coming from the democrats is the shut down is the result of the fringe group of republicans. according to that same poll, more than four in 10 republicans identified with the tea party. is this idea of an ideological standoff becoming more popular? >> if you are in a district that got elected -- as much as congress has a low approval rating, you are fine. it is moderate republicans who are now losing to democrat who
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care the most about it. you do have a group of people who do not worry about being voted out of office. as long as those people have the strongest voice, they will try to continue and see this as a political game. i think you do have the tea party looking at this as a game. the president does not want to break his will and he does not want to give an. >> we will have to wait and see. anthony, thank you so much. as the u.s. continues to withdraw from afghanistan, the question is how will we move forward with relations in the region? the middle east is not what it
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was a decade ago. dictators have been toppled. the opinion of the u.s. has fallen. we take a look at the challenges the military faces in coming years. >> i am here at the daily beast to talk about the role of the u.s. military in a rapidly changing world. this conference arise as the 12 anniversary of the afghanistan war comes and goes this week. news of new raids in africa. where has more than a decade of military intervention around the world left us? with a destabilized africa and the middle east, john mccain talked about the troubles in the area -- libya and syria. in libya, or prime minister was
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recently kidnapped and released by militants. >> what we did, we see the situation and the crisis and these militias, leadership that is not as strong as we would hope. >> the united states has been funneling weapons to the rebels. john mccain was pessimistic. >> some of the free syrian army are moving over to the radical islamist camp because they feel they have been abandoned. >> the same is true of the threat of terrorism itself. former nsa chief joined other
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national security experts to talk about al qaeda's outer ring strength. >> -- gathering strength. >> i think it is true, it does not mean we are less safe. it does not mean we have not been successful. >> the recent attack on the shopping mall in nairobi was fresh on everyone's mind. the president of the wilson center talked about similar threats coming to the united states. >> this is an evolving threat. they attack asymmetrically. they have to be you right -- they have to be right once. we have to be right 100% of the time to block them. that is impossible. meant that the united states military should tread lightly
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when confronting this new breed of terrorism coming from africa. >> if we do not figure out a way using our face or the face of others to provide economic aid and help improve education, we will never get out of this. >> despite the warm embrace of -- it is still recognized there are a lot of problems existing around the world. is it the u.s. military making them worse? >> in an age where most people would rather use their fingers to scroll through a screen rather than turn pages, air is one book that continues to fly off the shelves -- there is one book that continues to fly off the shelves. we take a look at the legacy in controversy.
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>> i would like to share a few excerpts from one of my favorite " alice shrugged -- atlas shrugged." it played a part in the shut down. today marks the 56th anniversary of the publication. >> it is almost prescient. it is scary. >> the ceo of the world renowned financial firm. he has read it four times and encourages his employees to do so. >> i told everybody -- we created a voluntary book club.
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60 people signed up to read the book. it was very exciting to be -- to see people get affected by it. i can see people have their eyes open to new ideas. >> it is the story of a failing economy because the state has suffocated individual freedom. it calls for an economic environment with very limited government. the book is seeing a new surge in popularity. almost 2 million copies of this book have been sold since 2008. >> it provides the foundation for such a free society. she completes the work that is so desperately needed. >> not everyone agrees with her philosophy.
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>> you look at the difference between somalia and a developed country. government infrastructure, government provides the stuff that allows the marketplace to exist. in mogadishu, you have to pay off the local warlord. he does not care if there is a middle class. >> he believes in a strong -- think she lacks compassion for the poor. her supporters say she has a plan for them, too. >> i do not believe there would be any problem for those who are truly falling through the cracks , people who cannot take care of themselves, they would be provided for.
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>> according to a study by the library of congress, it is the second-most influential book of all time, only behind the bible. love it or hate it, it is still relevant today, 56 years after its publication. >> move over, al gore, there is a new documentary out that warming. >> it is hard to imagine. we take life for granted, but life has not always flourished year. >> thom hartmann is the man behind the documentary.
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it takes a different look at global warming. it is a 10 minute film, so it is short and sweet and to the point. we started off by speaking about extinction. 90% of land species died off. the facts behind the events play a major role in this film. i asked him why we in the 21st century should be worried about an event that happened over 250 million years ago. >> it is the worst of the five ass extinctions. 96% of all life on earth vanished.
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they were all caused by global warming. if you were -- it started because of this massive law the -- lava, if you were standing far away from where the lava flow was during the early years, you might see the sky is getting redder at night. other than that, you would have no idea that the extinction had started. there was no way to stop it. we use that as an example because we are within centuries or decades of tipping points that could lead to another mass extinction.
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we want to bring the extinction word into the conversation. >> you did that with them very startling graphs. one of the things i noticed was that you chose to bring climate scientists and geologists together. talk about why he decided to bring the tube this up lens together. >> back in the 1960s -- bring the two disciplines together. >> they did not really figure that out until the late 1980s and they did not nail it down until the 1990s. they were still debating up until the early 2000's. bbc did a brilliant documentary were they brought together a
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bunch of these geologists to lay out exactly what happened. in that documentary, they talk about how this giant volcanic lava flow in siberia produced a six degree warm of the earth and that was enough to warm the ocean six degrees and that was enough to melt times of methane that is frozen at the bottom of the ocean. it doubled the rate of global warming and that killed off all life on earth. what we are pointing out right now is that methane is down there again. it is still there. we need to be very careful.
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it is already starting to come out. >> of all of the different documentaries i have watched about global warming, very few mentioned that methane on the bottom of the ocean. why is this one of the first times? >> this is a follow-on to your last question. we just discovered this. there is a huge -- debate is the wrong word. nobody knows how much carbon is out there. the range for carbon in the form of methane is anywhere from 3 trillion tons -- the amount in the arctic is pretty closely 2.5
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trillion tons. the carbon arctic reserve experiment that nasa is doing right now, we had one of their scientist in the video and he was talking about how there are 40 billion tons of carbon that will be activated. and then you get that positive feedback, which five times in the past, it has produced a massive extinction. >> is mass extinctions happen like this without humans contributing to it, how are we contributing to it these days? >> each time, the crust of the earth ripped open and carbon dioxide came out.
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four times, it was tectonic activity. one time, it was because the meteorite punched to the surface. what we have been doing for the last 150 years is drilling holes for the crust of the earth. we are not doing it in a clumsy fashion. we're doing it very specifically , going just for those areas. we are throwing the carbon dioxide into the air. we have been replicating the mechanism by which the previous five extinctions happened. >> where can they find this documentary? thank you so much. >> thank you.
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>> according to state farm insurance, montana ranks number two in the country when it comes to dear-vehicle collisions. -- deer-vehicle collisions. a new law passed which allows residents to recover and eat roadkill lying dead on the highway system. it took effect on the first of this month. regulations governing the retrieval in consumption of roadkill will not be finalized until the state's fish and wildlife service and meets later this week. my canada is one of the states that allows -- montana is one of the states that allow people to scoop up and take him roadkill. in idaho, the law allows individuals to collect any animal they find on the side of the road.
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individuals who, cross roadside carcass in montana will have to notify the state of their catch on in online within 24 hours of collecting the dead animal. the law will be ready to take full effect sometime in november just in time for thanksgiving. lease be careful getting out of your car on a highway. that is it for now. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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welcome to "newsline." it's friday, october 11th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. republicans in the u.s. house of representatives have offered up a plan that could end a standoff over the national debt. they say they're considering legislation that would allow for a short-term increase in the debt ceiling. but they stopped short of agreeing to stop the government shutdown.

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